Babcock-Smith House Museum
|Types of Monuments||Click link to see a picture of the monument type.|
Balustrade -- a railing with supporting balusters (short vase shaped supporting columns).
Bench -- a long seat with no back, designed for two or more people.
Boulder -- a rough-hewn monument is called a boulder.
Columnade -- A series of columns, arranged in order, supporting an entablature (e.g., Atwood Columnade, Stonington, CT)
Cradle -- symbolizes a final resting placeCross-- the symbol of the Christian faith is the motif for many monuments.
Exedra -- a large niche or recess, usually with a bench or seats with semicircular plan.
Gate -- an opening in a wall or fence for entrance or exit.
Ledger -- A ledger is a granite slab that completely covers the gravesite.
Marker -- small stones that indicate the location of individual graves. They may have varied styles: ornate, simple, round top, slant, flush, etc. They are often located adjacent to a family monument.
Obelisk -- an obelisk is a thin, four-sided, tapering monument which ends in a pyramidal top
Sarcophagus -- In ancient Egypt , a sarcophagus was a stone coffin into which the mummy was placed after it had been properly prepared for burial. The word sarcophagus comes from a Greek word meaning “flesh eater.” The ancient Greeks called this outer coffin a sarcophagus because it was often made of limestone, which, they thought, helped dead bodies to decompose. In modern times it refers to a monument whose shape approximates a coffin. A sarcophagus may be very simple or quite elaborate.
Stele -- an upright stone or slab with an inscribed or sculptured surface, used as a monument or as a commemorative tablet in the face of a building
Table Tomb -- a raised ledger supported at each corner by small columns standing on a landing stone.
Tablet -- A tablet may mark the grave of a couple or a single individual.
Vault -- A vault is large tomb, usually a stone building, with places for entombment of the dead above ground.
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